セミナー・イベント

セミナー・イベントSeminars and Events

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Category CDBセミナー
Date and Time 2017-07-28 14:00 - 15:00
Venue Auditorium C1F
Speaker Shixin Ye-Lehmann
Affiliation Team of Genetic code reprogramming and synthetic biology, Laboratory of Computational and Quantitative Biology (UMR 7238 CNRS), Insitute of Biology Paris-Seine, University of Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris, France.
Title Genetically encoded light-sensitive amino acids uncover allosteric regulation in neuronal receptors
Poster click here to download(PDF)
Host Tatsuo Shibata
Abstract Description of allostery is fundamental to understanding most processes involving biological macromolecules. The advent of optochemical genetics has led to the invention of light-sensitive proteins by the incorporation of photo-responsive molecules. Site-specific incorporation of photo-responsive unnatural amino acids into proteins by the genetic code expansion technology adds unprecedented photochemical properties to varieties of proteins. Although there is a long history to engineer light-activatable proteins, for example ion channels and kinases, the development of light-induced allosteric modulations of pharmacological importance – is a more recent phenomenon. In this talk, I will summarize our findings of light-sensitive NMDARs, a type of glutamate-gated ion channels mediating fast synaptic transmission mediating learning and memory. Light-sensitive unnatural amino acids (Uaas) have been incorporated at specific sites of the receptors in cellulo. Targeting sites within heterodimer interfaces led us to identify a series of robust light-sensitive NMDA receptors of GluN2A and GluN2B subtypes, two major subtypes playing distinct functional roles. Through heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes and mammalian cells, we have characterized their photochemical properties by using electrophysiology measurements in combination with online-light stimulation. Biochemical analysis has been used to confirm light-induced inter-subunit crosslinking. Characterizations of light-induced allosteric modulations in the presence of inhibitors (Zn2+ and ifenprodil) and potentiators (spermine) have provided a unified view of how the same N-terminal domains of both subtypes, distant to the agonists binding domains, bidirectionally modulate receptors functions. Our works are important for neuropharmacology because the NMDA receptors are promising drug targets for the development of therapeutic compounds to treat neuronal diseases including depression and Alzheimer’s.
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