Seminars and Events

Past Events

Category Seminar
Date and Time 2009-11-11 16:00 - 17:00
Venue Seminar Room A7F
Speaker Yoshinobu Mineyuki
Affiliation Graduate School of life Science, University of Hyogo
Title Characterization of microtubule-end structure and γ-tubulin in plants
Poster click here to download(PDF)
Host Asako Sugimoto
Summary How microtubules (MTs) are organized in a cell is one of main topics in cell morphogenesis. Animals and fungi use MT systems initiating from a focused MT organizing center, such as animal centrosomes and spindle pole bodies. In contrast, plant MTs are organized without obvious converging centers. How these plant-specific MT organization systems became established during plant evolution has remained enigmatic. To characterize the transient MT-end structures in plants, we have quantitatively analyzed the architecture of the cortical MT-ends in epidermal cells of high pressure frozen onion cotyledons visualized by dual-axis electron tomography. In animal cells, the minus end of MTs is often capped by a MT-initiating γ-tubulin ring-complex. The γ-tubulin, a conserved MT nucleator protein in animals and yeasts, has been shown to be in the proposed MT nucleation sites of various types of plant MT systems. However, frequency of the capped-end is relatively low in plant MT systems, suggesting that the minus end of plant MT is unstable. As the loss of centrioles occur during the evolution of land plants, we also compared amino acid sequence and the function of γ-tubulin among green plants to characterize plant γ-tubulins. Based on these observations, I will discuss the origin of plant-specific MT initiation systems.